The Art of Japanese Garden.

Japanese gardens are known for being one of the most beautiful types of art involving natural elements. It have being said that Japanese gardens generate the best of nature's art. They became so popular for their beauty, that now we can find Japanese gardens all over the world, with regional adaptations and inputs.

Japanese gardening is a high art and is deeply related to ink paint and calligraphy. Religion and philosophical ideas influenced the evolution of Japanese gardens through their history, always in an intimate relation with architectural styles.

It is considered by some experts that Japanese gardens were first made to expressed ideas of Buddhism and Taoism, representing the mountain regions of China were those philosophies came from to Japan. Japanese gardens evolved from representing religious believes to become places for ceremonies and contemplation. Gardens began to surround aristocratic mansion and palaces in the shinden-zukuri architectonic style. The garden was located in front of the building and include water flowing through artificial streams and pounds with island and fishes. Those garden designs remained thanks to art and books.

As Zen beliefs flourished, they had an important influence in garden design and techniques. Shoguns military dictators enjoyed gardens a lot. Tea ceremonies became an significant part of Japanese culture, and gardens played an important part in these ceremonies.

There are four traditional styles of Japanese gardens. Karesansui gardens are dry landscape gardens influenced by Zen Buddhism and Zen Meditation. They don't include water as in other traditional styles. Karesansui gardens use gravel small stones to simulate water bodies like lakes or the ocean, and bigger stones used to represent islands and mountains, all in an abstract way.

Tsukiyama Gardens are characteristic for the representation of famous landscapes from China or Japan, and can generate the illusion of small garden appearing more spacious, using distorted scales in elements like bridges or miniature trees.

Chaniwa gardens are designed specially for tea ceremonies. They usually include a tea house, with stepping stones leading to it. Stone lanterns and basins are typical accessories used in Chaniwa gardens.

Most Beautiful Gardens